On Sept 3, China held a massive military parade to
mark the 70th anniversary of its victory in the Chinese People’s War of
Resistance against Japanese Aggression and the World Anti-Fascist War.
Long before the parade took place, some Western countries accused China
of flexing its military muscles by holding the parade, which “underlines
a so-called ‘China Threat’ theory hyped up by some Western media
outlets”, Xinhua commented. However, an announcement made by President
Xi Jinping before the parade surprised the world and proved the
accusation groundless, Xinhua pointed out.
President Xi said that China will cut its troops by 300,000 to 2 million
by the end of 2017. This will be the military’s fourth major reduction
since 1985. 习近平宣布中国将裁军30万，至2017年中国军队总员额裁至2百万。这是1985年来中国第四次大规模的裁军。 Xi’s
announcement “fully demonstrates China’s sincerity and hope in jointly
championing peace, seeking development and enjoying prosperity with
various countries in the world”, said Ministry of National Defense
spokesman Yang Yujun. The decision also demonstrates the country’s
“proactive, responsible attitude toward advancing international arms
control and disarmament”, the spokesman added.
“The reductions also show that the Chinese government is not chanting
empty slogans when it says that Thursday’s commemoration activities are
aimed partly at cherishing peace and opening up the future,” Xinhua said
in a commentary. “裁军表明中国政府在周四的纪念活动上所说的并非空喊口号，而是珍惜和平、面向未来的表现，”新华社评论写道。
The cuts will mainly target “troops equipped with outdated armaments,
administrative staff and noncombatant personnel”, said Yang Yujun. And
the changes will help build a modernized Chinese military, with a
Some foreign media interpreted the cuts as a financial and technological
move. “Rising personnel costs and growing technological capabilities
reduce the need for large numbers of troops,” The Associated Press said.